There will be no lecture this Thursday due to my business trip to Brussels. I plan to give the last regular lecture on 20 December (1pm, room 7). Please prepare your presentations and topics for the final essay.



the take-home exam (online) will take place on 20 December at 12.00. The essay questions will be posted on Edmodo, so please be ready in front of your computer! You will have 48 hours (two days) to complete the exam. The instructions for the exam will be posted together with the essay list!




Online learning is available through Merlin e-learning platform





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Fundamental Rights in the European Union
Fundamental Rights in the European Union leaflet
The first lecture starts on 12 October 2017!
Lectures takes place every Thursday from 15.00-17.30, Cirilometodska 4, classroom no. 7, second floor (unless changes are provided in advance of the class)
Associate professor of EU Law
Guest lecturer to be confirmed
1) take-home open-book exam (essay on a given topic or solving of a hypothetical case) - 60% of the grade
2) participation in "online" and "in class" discussions; individual or group presentation - 30%
3) regular attendance - 10% of the grade
The exam will be uploaded on the course website on the date of the exam. You are supposed to send your answers in 48 hours. This means you have 48 hourse for writing the answers. Any answer received later than the stated time shall not be taken into consideration. Your answers should be computer-typed and should not exceed 4 pages (cca 7200 characters). They should be sent to the following mail address: If for any reason this mail address does not work, you can send your replies to:
You are allowed to use books, articles and internet resources you find relevant, but you are not allowed to copy/paste sentences you find there. Whichever source you use, you must respect the rules concerning plagiarism and if you use an idea which is not your own, you must quote the source. Equally, you are not allowed to consult each other or any other person as to the answers to be offered. 





Unit 1 – Introduction - Fundamental rights in the EU and global arena (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: To develop understanding how and why is the European Union bound by international human rights; familiarizing students with the development of fundamental rights law in the European Union and the role of the EU in the protection of fundamental rights in global arena.



G. de Búrca, ‘The Evolution of EU Human Rights Law’, in: Craig/de Búrca, The Evolution of EU Law, 2nd edn, OUP (2011), Chapter 16

M. Freeman. 'Order, Rights and Threats: Terrorism and Global Justice', in R. A. Wilson, Human Rights in the 'War on Terror', Cambridge University Press (2005)



Unit 2 – Development and significance of fundamental rights in the EU (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: To understand the nature of attributed powers of the EU and the importance of attribution in context of fundamental rights; understanding in what respect does the EU affect protection of fundamental rights within the framework of EU law; understanding how to argue a human rights issue on the basis of EU law.




Pre-Charter CJEU cases on fundamental rights as general principles:

Case 11/70 Internationale Handelsgesellschaft

Case 4/73 Nold


CJEU cases on the application of EU fundamental rights in the MS:

Case 5/88 Wachauf

Case C-260/89 Elliniki Radiophonia Tiléorassi AE (ERT)

Case 29/69 Stauder v City of Ulm 

S. Smismans, ‘The European Union’s Fundamental Rights Myth’, 48:1 (2010) JCMS, 45-66

P. Eeckhout, ‘The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Federal Question’, 39 (2002) CMLRev 945-994

S. Vasiljevic, “Equality, non-discrimination & fundamental rights: old habits die hard!” EU Labour, Equality and Human Rights Law, University J. J. Strossmayer, Osijek, Faculty of Law (2015).


Unit 3 – The Charter of Fundamental Rights (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: understanding the internal dimension of EU fundamental rights; focusing on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights; understanding and discussing a number of doctrinal questions, e.g. implication of the applicability of the Charter in the Member States; applicability of the Charter in private relationships (CJEU case law); limits to the rights guaranteed in the Charter; difference between rights and principles.


Mandatory reading:

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 

Available at:


Optional reading:

Article 52 CFR - horizontal effect and rights v principles

Joined Cases C-92/09 and 93/09 Schecke

Case C-144/04 Mangold v. Helm

Case C-555/07 Kücükdeveci v. Swedex GmbH&Co KG


Unit 4 - Global Effects of Protection of Fundamental Rights in the EU (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: to understand and discuss global effects of migration, refugee crisis, terrorism and border security on fundamental rights


F. B. Adamson, Crossing Borders: „International Migration and National Security“, International Security, Vol. 31. No.1. pp. 165-199 (2006)

A. P. Schmid, Links between Terorism and Migration, International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, The Hague (2016)

Case C-573/14 Lounani


Unit 5 - Global effects of gender equality - gendering decision-making process in the EU (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: The focus of this Unit is to discuss how women influence political and legislative decision-making process in the EU. Furthermore, it will be discusses how the concept of gender mainstreaming is incorporated into EU legislation and policies.



CJEU cases:

Case C-158/97, Badeck

Case C-407/98, Abrahamsson

Case 476/99, Lommers


S. Vasiljević. “European citizenship in the context of gender equality legislation in Eastern European Countries: The case of Croatia”, in I. Sulkunen, S.L. Nevala-Nurmi and P. Markkola (eds.) Suffrage, gender and citizenship – International perspectives on parliamentary reforms. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, (2009).


A. Elomaki, The economic case for gender equality in the European Union: Selling gender equality to decision-makers and neoliberalism to women's organizationsEuropean Journal of Women's Studies (2015)


S. Vasiljević, A. Sunko, “EU Law and Gender-Balanced Boards: Making Equality Effective”, Croatian Yearbook of European Law, Vol. 13., pp. 27-51 (2017)


A.Örtenblad, R. Marling, and S. Vasiljevic (Eds.), Gender Equality in a Global Perspective, Routledge: New York (2017)


Unit 6 - Discrimination & Non-discrimination principle (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: methodological and conceptual understanding of modern anti-discrimination law;  examining the application of the non-discrimination principle before European (case law of the CJEU and ECHR) and the national courts; understanding critical approaches to European anti-discrimination law, scope and limits of its implementation; examining the causes of  racial and religious discrimination, limitation of minority rights and invisibility of intersectional discrimination.



CJEU case:

Case C-54/07 Feryn

Case C-81/12 Asociaţia Accept 

Case C-157/15 Achbita


S. Vasiljević, “Intersectional Discrimination: Difficulties in Interpretation of European Norm”, in M. Thiel & E. Prugl (eds.), Diversity and European Integration, New York: Macmillan/Palgrave, (2009).

E. Ellis & P. Watson, European Ani-discrimination Law, OUP, (2012), Chapter 4.


Unit 7 - The Internet and EU Fundamental Rights (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: understand and discuss the application of CFR provision in the practice. In the field of internet-related activities and data protection at large; examining whether there is a threshold for privacy in Europe defined by the ECtHR, is there a European consensus on the topic, and what kind of violations of this right are found by the Court; discussing whether the CJEU falls in line with the ECtHR with respect to right to privacy (considering the «right to be forgotten»), and what the CFR and EU secondary sources say about the right to privacy in the EU, and what is the regulatory approach to data protection in the EU; understanding points of converging and diverging concepts of privacy within the Union (EU regulation and CJEU case law) and Europe (EctHR case law and margin of appreciation).



CJEU Case C-131/12, Google Spain, SL, Google Inc v Agencia Espanola de Proteccion de Datos


K. Eltis, ‘Breaking through the Tower of Babel: A Right to be Forgotten and How Trans-Systemic Thinking Can Help Re-Conceptualize Privacy Harm in the Age of Analytics’ (2011) 22 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. LJ 69


Unit 8 - Fundamental Rights v Fundamental Freedoms (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: understanding the relationship between the EU’s fundamental freedoms (i.e. the free movement of goods, workers, and capital, freedom of establishment and freedom to provide services) and fundamental rights; understanding and discussing the aim of the Article 51 (1) CFR and the ERT line of case law, which was recently confirmed in Pfleger; understanding and discussing clashes between fundamental rights as became evident in Sky Austria before tackling the thorny question of whether fundamental rights can be used to justify derogations from fundamental freedoms.



CJEU cases:

Case C-112/00 Schmidberger Internationale Transporte und Planzuge v. Austria

Case C-159/90 SPUC v. Grogan – NB Opinion of AG Van Gerven

Case C-438/05 Viking Line

S. A. De Vries. “Balancing Fundamental Rights with Economic Freedoms According to the European Court of Justice”, Utrect Law Review (2013)

J. Morijn. "Balancing fundamental rights in Uninon law: Schmidberger and Omega in the light of the European Constitution", European Law Journal, 12 (1): 15-40 (2006).


Unit 9 -  Multi-level protection of fundamental rights (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: understand and discuss the dual nature of fundamental rights protection: national constitutions – EU law; examining the relationship between national fundamental guarantees and those set out in the Charter.



CJEU cases:

Case C-399/11 Melloni

Case C-617/10 Åkerberg Fransson

Tribunal Constitucional (Spain) Judgment 26/2014, of 13 February 2014

L. Besselink, The parameters of constitutional conflict after Melloni, 39 ELRev (2014) 531


Unit 10 - The EU and the ECHR (3 teaching hours)


Learning outcomes: understanding the external dimension, which is the relationship between the EU and the European Convention on Human Rights; discussing the potential conflict between European and International Human Rights Law, more precisely the clash between fundamental rights and UN Security Council Resolutions, the responsibility of EU Member States before the European Court of Human Rights and its impact on both the EU and the ECHR systems.



Case Bosphorus v. Ireland [GC], Application No. 45036/98, ECHR 2005-VI

T. Lock, Beyond Bosphorus: The European Court of Human Rights’ Case Law on the Responsibility of Member States of International Organisations under the European Convention on Human Rights, 10 HRLR, 2010, 529-545

CJEU's Opinon 2/13 on the EU's Accession to the ECHR


Syllabus and Reading